Suiguem Agropecuária Ltda

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Background

The company was established in 1966, and has been involved in the coffee sector since 1986. It chose to install its farms in the Cerrado Mineiro region, in the north of the state of Minas Gerais, because of the ideal climate and conditions.

Some of the most important factors are the big difference between the temperatures during the day and night, relative air humidity of around 70 per cent, and an altitude of around 1000 meters above sea level.

The company also operates a roasting unit in São Paulo, and thus is able to control the whole cycle of coffee production: cultivation, processing, roasting, packaging and distribution. The excellence of coffee produced is demonstrated by its wide acceptance in extremely demanding markets as Japan and Europe.

Unwashed or natural coffee

After picking, the coffee cherries are cleaned with an air flow that removes leaves or other unwanted tree parts. Then they are sun-dried for 15 to 20 days before being machine-dried until the humidity falls to 10.5-11%. The dried cherries are stored in wooden silos. Later the dried shell is removed and the coffee beans are selected according to size and quality by electronic equipment that also removes defect beans.

Washed coffee

After the cherries are cleaned with an air flow from leaves or other unwanted tree parts, they are washed and the mature ones are separated from the unripe ones. The ripe cherries are depulped and dried in the sun for 24 to 48 hours. The ideal humidity of 10.5 to 11% is achieved in a machine-dryer. The beans are then stored in wooden silos. Before the coffee is traded, the parchment, a thin silver layer around the bean is removed. They are then electronically selected according to size and quality, and coffee with defects is taken out. The coffee is then ready to be roasted.

 

Better Environment, Better Business

The proper cultivation of young plants and the enrichment of the ground with organic fertilizers maximize the vitality of the coffee trees, resulting in robust coffee trees that are more resistant to drought and diseases.

Suiguem Agropecuária is one of very few coffee producers in the region that use a dripping irrigation system, allowing for the economical use of water resources.

In addition to being beneficial for the environment, this pioneering system is better for business. It makes the trees more likely to bud simultaneously, in turn leading to the homogeneous ripening of the cherries. This is a factor that has a big impact on the final quality of the drink, as the inclusion of green, unripe cherries with mature ones during the harvest leads to a lower quality product. At Suiguem Agropecuária, 98% of the harvested coffee is ripe.

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